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Have I Been Pwned?

January 3, 2020

To help keep customers safe, we now securely check users' passwords against public data breaches. If your password has previously been exposed in a data breach, we'll display a notice during login that requires you to change your password. More info:

We use the k-Anonymity model to anonymously and securely check if your password has been part of any past, public data breaches. Specifically, during login we now take a SHA1 hash of your password. The first 5 characters of this hash are sent to the popular Have I Been Pwned (HIBP) service. HIBP returns a list of all hashes it knows about that start with the same 5-character suffix. Our servers then compare each returned hash against the full SHA1 hash of the user's password. If there is a match, we prompt the user to change their password.

This process can only be performed during login and when changing your password because that's the only time Doppler has access to a user's plaintext password. We store bcrypt hashes of passwords in our database, meaning it would be computationally infeasible to perform this HIBP check at any other time. Additionally, the computed SHA1 hash is used only for the HIBP service and is never persisted outside of application memory.

We'll likely talk more about password security at a future date. For now, we encourage all of our customers to follow these best practices, as we do internally:

  • Use a password manager for every account, regardless of its importance
  • Always enable 2FA! (but ideally avoid SMS and Voice 2FA)
  • Generate strong, random passwords with your password manager
  • Never reuse passwords